The discipline of biomechanics
integrates the laws of physics and the working concepts
of engineering to describe the motion of various body
segments and the forces acting on these segments.
Injury biomechanics then couples the knowledge of
force and motion with a thorough understanding of
human anatomy and human tissue mechanics to explore
the possible relationships between external events
(i.e. automobile accidents) and human tissue injury.
While a biomechanist may be an engineer or medical
doctor, biomechanics is not within the sole domain
of either profession. The medical practitioner may
be skilled in identifying and healing tissue damage,
but they may not be extensively schooled in the mechanisms
of tissue damage, occupant kinematics, or the response
of human tissues to various levels and types of loading.
Likewise, engineers understand the physics of movement,
but traditionally lack the detailed study of human
anatomy and physiology necessary to apply that knowledge
to human tissue. The biomechanist fills the gap between
the engineer’s explanation of external loading
and the medical practitioner’s diagnosis and
treatment of damage to human tissues.
The biomechanist should possess a doctorate or master's
degree and be trained in Newtonian mechanics, structural
and functional human anatomy, human physiology, and
injury biomechanics including a knowledge of human
soft and hard tissue tolerances.